Innovative Research on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement

Innovative Research on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement

Doctoral students at Erasmus University in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, have started a ambitious research program focusing on some of the most important aspects of modern environmental regulation. As the PhD students are all professionals and part time employed by public agencies, practical relevance of the research is assured. For background on the program, see Connecting Environmental Managers to Academic Research.

The doctoral students invite the INECE community to contact them individually for more information about their areas of research or to participate or exchange information.

The topics are:

1. Supervision of harmful legal behaviour

The law does not cover all of the harmful social behaviour, making that formal means available to the regulator to intervene are limited. The question is what role may and should the regulator play when it comes to legally damaging behaviour and how he can effectively influence this behaviour without formal means. Contact: Aute Kasdorp ( kasdorp @

2. Supervision of self-regulation of industries

Sometimes the regulator wrongly expects high or low self-regulation in a regulated industry, resulting in a monitoring intensity which is not appropriate. How can regulators determine the degree of self-regulation in an industry? The supervisor needs to be able to effectively monitor the level of self-regulation in an industry, preferably before social damage occurs. Contact: Martien van Helvoort (vanhelvoort @

3. Use of management systems of regulated companies for public regulation

The use of compliance management of companies play a limited role to date in the area of public regulation. What possibilities and limitations are there for the public regulator to induce proactive compliance by recognising and stimulating compliance management systems? Contact: Kees Huizinga ( huizinga @

4. The optimal relationship between internal and external supervision

Internal and external supervising systems are largely separated, while there is an overlap in the functionality. The optimal balance between internal and external oversight is not clear. What is the optimal relationship between internal and external supervision and what are the conditions determining it? Contact: Leonie Schakel (schakel @

5. Influencing compliance of average complying SMEs through modern media by regulators

A lot of effort of regulators is put into poor compliers and there is less focus on a large, easy influence able group of moderate compliers. Why and how can active social marketing through social media play a role in encouraging compliance by small/medium enterprises (SMEs)? Contact: Rob van Dorp (vandorp @

6. Information sharing for government-wide regulation

One regulator has data about the regulated entity that can also be valuable for other regulators. But what are the limitations for sharing this information? The aim is to establish a conceptual framework to share information with other regulators. Contact: Marcel Snippe (snippe @

7. The use of moral messages in regulation

The spontaneous compliance under traditional regulation strategies stagnates. How can a moral message to a regulated entity affect the level of compliance? Contact: Han de Haas ( jmgdehaas @

8. Predicting risks in integrated regulation of quality and finance

The behaviour of inspectees funded with public money may induce risks with regard to the desired levels of quality and financial performance. Predicting such problems is difficult. How can the regulator assess the organizational effectiveness of these public institutions and improve the prediction of possible failure? Contact: Jos Verkroost (verkroost @

More information about the research program?

For more information on a topic contact the student, for information about the program, please contact Martin de Bree PhD MBA BSc (mbree @ or Prof. Muel Kaptein PhD (mkaptein @

This article was submitted by Martin de Bree, Erasmus University, on 01 May, 2014, as part of INECE’s Correspondents Program.


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