Secretariat Staff

Durwood J. Zaelke
Director, INECE Secretariat
email: zaelke at

Durwood J. Zaelke is the President and founder of the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development and the Director of the INECE Secretariat. He also is the founder and Director of the Research Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law at American University Washington College of Law, where he serves as an Adjunct Professor of Law and Scholar-in-Residence, teaching International Environmental Law and related courses. He was appointed Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School in 1999, teaching International Environmental Law and Policy. He is also the founder and former President of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL).

Mr. Zaelke’s substantive research focuses on fast action mitigation strategies to respond to climate change, resolving trade and environment conflicts, strengthening the implementation and enforcement of international environmental laws, and building capacity of local public interest movements in developing countries.

Mr. Zaelke graduated from UCLA in 1969, and from Duke Law School in 1972, where he was an Editor of the Duke Law Journal.

Kenneth J. Markowitz
Managing Director, INECE Secretariat
email: ken at
Ken Markowitz is the Managing Director of the INECE Secretariat, the Founder and President of Earthpace LLC, and Senior Climate Change Consultant to Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld. Mr. Markowitz leads international initiatives among regulators, business and international organizations to strengthen compliance, improve investor confidence and ensure environmental integrity in the emissions trading systems and other climate change regulatory programs.

Mr. Markowitz serves on the adjunct faculty of the Washington College of Law, as a senior fellow at the University of California, Santa Barbara Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, and as co-chair of the American Bar Association Clean Tech and Climate Change Committee. Ken is Chair of IUCN’s World Commission on Environmental Law Specialist Group on Compliance and Enforcement. He previously served as a senior attorney at U.S. EPA, and in private practice as an environmental lawyer.

He earned his B.B.A. in finance from Emory University in 1985 and his J.D. in 1989 from American University’s Washington College of Law.

Meredith Reeves Koparova
Director of Programs, INECE Secretariat

Meredith Reeves Koparova is the director of programs at the INECE Secretariat. In this position, Meredith acts as a consultant responsible for the day-to-day project management of the Secretariat. Meredith’s work areas include communicating the importance of compliance with new and existing environmental law with climate co-benefits, designing performance measurement indicators to improve the efficiency of environmental compliance programs, and facilitating INECE’s Seaport Environmental Security Network. She also works on coordination among regional networks and on INECE’s broader communication strategy.  She has published articles in a number of INECE materials, and in Water International.

Meredith is a founder and former Co-chair of the Washington DC Committee of Water For People and serves on the Board of Directors of Write to Change, a community literacy non-profit. She holds a MS in Agricultural Policy from Tufts University and a BA in environmental studies and biology from Middlebury College.


Jo J.A. Gerardu
Consultant, INECE Secretariat

Jo Gerardu is a founder of INECE and acts as a consultant to the INECE Secretariat. Mr. Gerardu’s current activities with INECE include supporting the development of regional networks, working in Morocco on solutions for the preservation and reuse of wastewater, assisting the Regional Environmental Centre on the minimum criteria for inspections of the European Community, and co-authoring publications, including the Handbook of Principles of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement.

Previously, Mr. Gerardu was an assistant to the inspector general in the Inspectorate of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment of the Ministry (VROM) in the Netherlands and was responsible for promoting international environmental enforcement activities. He co-organized seven international conferences on environmental compliance and enforcement held in Utrecht, Budapest, Oaxaca, Chiang Mai, Monterey, CA., San José and Marrakech and co-editor for the proceedings of these conferences.

He graduated from the University of Eindhoven in the Netherlands as a chemical engineer and resides in The Netherlands.